Subject + verb + Adjective -ER + than + object…

To make the Comparative form of an Adjective, you add "-er" at the end of it, for example...

Fast > faster

Small > smaller

Long > longer

High > higher

Examples

Ants are smaller than mice.

My hair is longer than yours.

Rabbits are faster than tortoises.

If the Adjective ends in "-y", change the "-y" to "-i" before adding "-er", for example...

Happy > happier

Busy > busier

Tiny > tinier

Examples

Emily is happier than me.

She’s busier than before.

The blue pencil is tinier than the red pencil.

If the Adjective ends in "-e", just add "-r", for example...

Late > later

Simple > simpler

Examples

Charles is gentler than Paul.

She left the party later than me.

This exercise is simpler than the other.

If the Adjective ends in "consonant + vowel + consonant", double the last consonant, for example...

Big > bigger

Fat > fatter

Examples

Today is hotter than yesterday.

That house is bigger than yours.

My cat is fatter than my grandma’s cat.

Long Adjectives

If the adjective has three or more syllables, you form the Comparative by preceding the Adjective with "more", for example...

Intelligent > more intelligent

Important > more important

Modern > more modern

Subject + verb + MORE + adjective + than + object…

Examples

Monkeys are more intelligent than birds.

I think my issue is more important than yours.

This building is more modern than the one next to it.

Take into account that sometimes, you can form the comparative of Adjectives with two syllables either by adding "-er" or by preceding the Adjective with "more", for example...

Clever > cleverer / more clever

Simple > simpler / more simple

Narrow > narrower / more narrow

If you have doubts, just play it safe and use more but remember that both options are correct.

Irregular Adjectives

Some Adjectives have irregular forms, remember these comparatives...

Good > better

Bad > worse

Far > farther/further

Little > less

Much > more

Examples

She sings better than me.

Maria can run farther than Tom.

The weather in this city is worse than in the jungle.

Subject + verb + the + Adjective -EST + object…

To make the Superlative form of an Adjective, you add "-est" at the end of it, for example...

Fast > fastest

Small > smallest

Long > longest

High > highest

Examples

My bag is the smallest of the three.

The Nile is the longest river in the world.

His Ferrari is the fastest car in the neighbourhood.

If the Adjective ends in "-y", change the "-y" to "-i" before adding "-est", for example...

Happy > happiest

Busy > busiest

Tiny > tiniest

Examples

This dog is the tiniest of its kind.

I am the happiest man in this place.

My boss is the busiest man on Earth.

If the Adjective ends in "-e", just add "-st", for example...

Late > latest

Simple > simplest

Examples

You are the gentlest girl here.

It’s the latest version of that phone.

I think it’s the simplest way to solve the problem.

If the adjective ends in "consonant + vowel + consonant", double the last consonant, for example...

Big > biggest

Fat > fattest

Examples

My dog is the fattest of all.

That was the biggest discovery of all times.

It must be the hottest day ever.

Long Adjectives

If the Adjective has three or more syllables, you form the Superlative by preceding the adjective with "most", for example...

Intelligent > most intelligent

Important > most important

Modern > most modern

Subject + verb + the + MOST + adjective + object…

Examples

That’s the most expensive car.

Bob is the most intelligent student in the class.

This is the most important thing I’ve ever done.

Take into account that sometimes, you can form the superlative of adjectives with two syllables either by adding "-est" or by preceding the adjective with "most", for example...

Clever > cleverest / most clever

Simple > simplest / most simple

Narrow > narrowest / most narrow

If you have doubts, just play it safe and use most but remember that both options are correct.

Irregular Adjectives

Some Adjectives have irregular forms, remember these superlatives...

Good > best

Bad > worst

Far > farthest/furthest

Little > least

Much > most

Examples

I think it is the best song.

That was the worst day of my life.

It is the furthest planet from the Sun.

1. Comparative Adjectives are used to compare...

2. To make Comparative Adjectives, you add _____ at the end of it.

3. Some adjectives have Irregular forms.

4. Superlative Adjectives are used to compare one thing to all the others in a group.

5. To make Superlative Adjectives, you add _____ at the end of it.

6. The Comparative form of Good is Gooder.

7. Sometimes you can add "More" before an Adjective to make the Comparative form.

8. You generally write _____ after the Comparative Adjectives.

9. You generally write _____ before the Superlative Adjectives.

10. Sometimes, you can form the Comparative of Adjectives with two syllables either by adding -er or by preceding the adjective with more.

11. The Comparative form of "Big" is "More Big".

12. Elephants are _____ lions.

13. That Tower is _____ in the city.

14. Tom is _____ than me in Maths.

15. If the Adjective ends in "-y", change the "-y" to "-i" before adding "-er" or "-est".