SOUNDS

Consonant + Vowel + Consonant

In words where there is a vowel between two consonants, the vowel sound is short.

Rat /ɹæt/

Cut /kʌt/

Bed /bed/.

Pet /pet/.

Sit /sɪt/.

Not /nɒt/.

SOUNDS

Consonant + Vowel + Consonant + Silent "E"

In those words where the final letter is an "e", that "e" is silent, that means that you do not pronounce it.

So, in words where there is a vowel between two consonants and the final letter is a "silent e", the vowel sound is long or a diphthong.

Here /hɪə(ɹ)/

Note /nəʊt/

Cute /kjuː t/.

Rate /ɹeɪt/.

Site /saɪt/.

SOUNDS

Consonant + Vowel

In monosyllabic words ending with a vowel, the final sound is generally a diphthong, except those ending with "e".

When the final spelling of a word is "ee", the sound is /iː/.

Bee /biː/

No /nəʊ/

Go /ɡəʊ/.

So /səʊ/.

Me /mɪ/.

After a long sound, the /ɹ/ is almost inaudible (except in American English).

Peer /pɪə(ɹ)/

Car /kɑː(ɹ)/

Over /əʊvə(ɹ)/.

More /mɔː(ɹ)/.

Were /wə(ɹ)/.

It is the most common sound of the English language.The Schwa can substitute any vowel and only appears in syllables which are not stressed.

Pencil /pensəl/

Ago /əɡəʊ/

Cancel /kænsəl/.

Submit /səbmɪt/.

The Schwa can occur more than once in the same word, like in "another" /ənʌðə(ɹ)/. It also can be placed in the first syllable of a word, in the middle or the last one.

In words ending with "-er", the final sound is the "Schwa -ə" (except in American English).

Teacher /tiː tʃə(ɹ)/

Mother /mʌðə(ɹ)/

Father /fɑː ðə(ɹ)/.

Brother /brʌðə(ɹ)/.

In words ending with "a", the final sound is also "Schwa -ə".

Pizza /piː tsə/

Zebra /zebrə/

Media /miː diə/

These two consonants make different sounds depending on the letter that follows them in a word.

SOFT "C"

In words where there is a "c" followed by "e - i or y", the "c" sound is soft and its Phoneme is /s/.

Cycle /saɪkl/

Recite /rɪsaɪt/

Cellphone /selfəʊn/.

City /sɪtɪ/.

Police /pəliː s/.

HARD "C"

In words where there is a "c" followed by the vowels "a - o - u", the "c" sound is hard and its phoneme is /k/.

Candy /kændɪ/

Cake /keɪk/

Colour /kʌlə(ɹ)/.

Occur /əkɜː(ɹ)/.

Current /kʌrənt/.

SOFT "G"

In words where there is a "g" followed by "e - i or y", the "g" is soft and it represents the sound that belongs to the letter "j". Its phoneme is /dʒ/.

Ginger /dʒɪndʒə(ɹ)

Page /peɪdʒ/

Gentle /dʒentl/.

Origin /ɒrɪdʒɪn/.

Gypsy /dʒɪpsɪ/.

Be careful! There are exceptions to this rule (Give, Get, Girl, Gill, Geyser)

HARD "G"

In words where there is a "g" followed by the vowels "a - o - u", the "g" sound is hard and its phoneme is /g/.

Kangaroo /kæŋɡəɹuː /

Good /ɡʊd/

Guy /ɡaɪ/.

Gas /ɡæs/.

Pig /pɪɡ/.

There are some interesting words that include both hard and soft "c – g" sounds.

Gigantic /dʒaɪɡæntɪk/

Bicycle /baɪsɪkl/

Garage  /ɡærɑː ʒ/.

Vacancy /veɪkənsɪ/.

Success  /səkses/.

1. One syllable words usually have short vowels.

2. What does "Silent e" mean?

3. In words ending with "-er", the final sound is…

4. Which phoneme represents the sound of the "Hard G"?

5. Which of the following words include both "Soft" and "Hard G" sounds?

6. The schwa is not a common sound in English.

7. Which phoneme represents the sound of the "Soft G?"

8. When "C" is followed by "Y", the "C" sound is...

9. Which of the following words includes both "Soft" and "Hard C" sounds?

10. When the final spelling of a word is “ee”, the sound is…

11. When "G" is followed by "A", the "G" sound is...

12. If there is a vowel between two consonants, the vowel sound...

13. The schwa is the most common sound in English.

14. /k/ represents the sound of the Hard "C".

15. Some consonants can represent different consonant sounds.